80-110 satellites needed to monitor Indian ocean: DRDO
India should develop capabilities to fully monitor the Indian Ocean
region in a complete and three-dimensional manner, said Avinash Chander,
DRDO director general and scientific advisor to the Defence Minister.
He opined that India should develop 80-110 satellites to cover the region.
are 19 Chinese satellites keeping a watch over the Indian Ocean. We
need to develop capabilities for complete monitoring of the region,” he
Underlining the need to develop real-time data exchange and
image transfer, Avinash said underwater navigation and seabed mapping
would be vital in this regard. He was speaking after inaugurating Sympol
2013, a symposium on ocean electronics organised by Cochin University’s
electronics department, here on Wednesday.
Later speaking to
reporters, he said India should have 80-110 satellites to ensure the
complete surveillance and monitoring of the Indian Ocean region. “We
need to identify every movement in the region, and should have the
ability to pinpoint it. There should be 80-100 satellites, maybe of a
limited life, which can be deployed. They should be ready-to-use ones
which can be launched within a short time,” he said.
the proximity of the Indian Ocean was both an opportunity and a threat.
Considering the untapped resources and energy, transit routes for 70 per
cent of the global trade in oil, and navigational access to 50 per cent
of international shipping, ocean technology helps in harvesting the
potential of the region.
“The Indian Ocean region witnessed a
steep increase in global terrorism, with many regional organisations
covertly and inadvertently aiding and abetting subversive elements. The
region is the hotbed of international crime, with the most incidents of
piracy, and human and drug trafficking taking place in its waters,” he
Avinash said sensors that make possible measurements of
physical, chemical and biological processes are also required to be
developed. Underwater sensor networks would be required for monitoring
daily ocean life, emergency events for military purposes and
environmental research in future, he said.
Avinash said the
government should invest to strengthen R&D in this field.
“Researchers should take up initiatives and develop systems which can
make harvesting of resources easier,” he added.